Saturday, September 18, 1999

In 1898, Commodore Dewey led U. S. warships into Manila Bay in the Philippines. What was the outcome?

A. The Spanish fleet resisted capture for two months.
B. Spanish underwater mines in the bay destroyed the entire American fleet.
C. The Americans held the Spanish fleet in the bay until additional troops arrived.
D. Dewey defeated the Spanish warships and his troops seized the Philippine capital of Manila.
John Fiske was known for his Anglo-Saxonism ideas that influenced America’s interest in Imperialism. What was Fiske’s general belief?
A. English-speaking nations had superior character, ideas, and systems of government, and needed to spread their civilization to other people.
B. a strong offense was a strong defense, so America needed to close its borders to the rest of the world.
C. America had all the natural resources it needed and required no help from other countries.
D. America was strong enough to invade and conquer other countries to become a world power.

. What other belief did Josiah Strong link with Anglo-Saxonism to support expansion of American power overseas in the late 1800s?
A. Josiah believed in the industrializing America and supported the increasing imports.
B. Josiah felt America should build a large navy and force other countries to trade with America.
C. Josiah believed sending Christian missionaries overseas was America’s divine commission.
D. Josiah felt it was America’s responsibility to educate the world.

All of the following were reasons for America’s involvement in imperialism except:
A. The belief in American cultural superiority
B. The belief that understanding other nations’ cultures would improve American diplomacy
C. The belief that overseas bases would strengthen America’s navy and security
D. The belief that overseas markets were necessary to strengthen America’s economy

. What did Commodore Matthew C. Perry do in 1853 in response to the desire to increase America’s power overseas?
A. Find a new route to Asia
B. Perry was instrumental in forming a trade treaty with Germany, Italy, and France.
C. Perry helped the Department of Defense build the first naval shipyard.
D. Perry sailed four ships to Japan and forced them to sign a trade treaty.

Building overseas naval bases increased America’s confidence in its ability to enforce its imperialism. In 1898, America annexed what territory that provided a major naval and trade influence in the Pacific Ocean?
A. Samoa
B. The Philippines
C. Hawaii
D. Caribbean Island

In the 1880s, America’s attempt to spread its imperialism into Latin America was slowed down with an unsuccessful peace-trade treaty called Pan-Americanism. Why was the original treaty unsuccessful?
A. The Latin delegates simply rejected the terms of the peace-trade treaty.
B. Latin America had no need of any products from America.
C. Latin America was still mad at America for not helping them fight Spain.
D. The Latin American trade policy was too complicated to understand.

How did the oppression of the Cuban people by Spain affect America?
A. It did not affect America at all because of America’s foreign policy against revolutions.
B. America created a world court to condemn Spain for the oppression it was causing in Cuba.
C. America opened its boarders to Cuban refugees, a move that irritated Spain.
D. Many people became sympathetic to the Cubans, and some smuggled guns to the rebels.

American business leaders invested heavily in Cuba. How did Spain’s occupation in Cuba affect American business?
A. Spain encouraged Americans to continue to invest in Cuba to help stabilize Cuba’s economy.
B. The revolution created need for more labor and railroads in Cuba, which produced large profits for American investors.
C. American businesses were losing money because of the revolution.
D. There was no effect on American businesses due to the quiet revolution Spain conducted.

How did a style of newspaper reporting called yellow journalism affect the American view of Cuba?
A. It portrayed the Cuban people as a strong nation, so there was little support from the American public.
B. The sensationalized stories about the revolution intensified public anger towards Spain.
C. It downplayed Spain’s brutality against Cuba because America supported Spain’s war efforts.
D. The stories made Cuba look like the aggressor against Spain, so America did not want to help Cuba.

What event happened in 1898 that led Congress to give President McKinley money to prepare for possible war with Spain?
A. The sinking of the battleship Maine in the Havana Harbor
B. A Cuban letter addressed to President McKinley that described atrocities occurring in Cuba
C. A newspaper article claiming Spain wanted to launch an attack on America from Cuba
D. The establishment of a blockade by Spanish ships along the southern tip of Florida

Answer on In 1898, Commodore Dewey led U.S. warships into Manila Bay in the Philippines. What was the outcome?

You post your entire History homework as a single question !?! Sad, sad, sad...

It would be D.

At daybreak on Sunday 1 May, 1898 George Dewey aboard the protected cruiser USS Olympia led a small squadron of ships into Manila Bay. Two mines were exploded but were ineffective. Shortly after five A.M., the Spanish shore batteries and the Spanish fleet opened fire. At 5:40 with the now famous phrase, "You may fire when ready, Gridley," the Olympia's captain was instructed to begin the barrage that resulted in the destruction of the Spanish flotilla.

The U.S. squadron swung in front of the Spanish ships and forts in single file, firing their port guns. They then turned and passed back, firing their starboard guns. This was repeated five times, each time at closer range. The Spanish forces had been alerted, and most were ready for action, but they were outgunned. The eleven Spanish ships and five land batteries fought back for two and a half hours. The American ships withdrew at 7:45 a.m. to redistribute ammunition, then attacked again at 10:40. Most of the Spanish ships were either destroyed or surrendered. The Spanish colors were struck in surrender at 12:40 p.m. The results were decisive; Dewey won the battle with only a single fatality among his crew: Francis B. Randall, Chief Engineer on the McCulloch, from heart attack